Devices that are used to prevent leakages by joining various mechanism are referred to as mechanical seals. Additionally, the seals, prevent leakages by holding pressure or even by eliminating contamination. However, the competence of the Apex seals is reliant on the adhesion in the instance of sealants and compression in the event of gaskets. It is very to understand other methods of forming a seal before investigating how mechanical seals operate. One of the commonly used traditional seals is the Gland packing. Gland packing looks like a rope like material that is braided and crammed around the shaft – physically padding the cavity between the shaft and the pump housing. In spite of the Gland packing seals being commonly used, a large number of households are switching to the mechanical seals due to numerous reasons. This is due to the fact that the Gland packing seals requires pressing besides the shaft so as to lessen outflow, this implies that pump will require more power in order to turn the shaft hence wasting energy. Additionally, the friction of the shaft implies that the Gland packing will need to be supplied with large amount of water for cooling purposes. Another demerit of the packing is that the friction of the rotating shafts results into wearing of the shafts in the long run thereby resulting in increased leakage. The packing owners find it very costly to repair the worn out shafts which are caused by the friction between the rotating shafts.
Mechanical seals are commonly used in many households due to numerous reasons. It has been proved that when using a mechanical seal, there is no visible leak, this implies that the seals do leak vapor when the fluid reaches the atmospheric side of the seal faces. In addition and the casing of the mechanical seals do not destroy the shaft of the pump. The daily maintenance cost is lowered when using a mechanical seal since they have the ability of self-adjusting when their faces begin to wear due to friction. Furthermore, the Apex Cartridge mechanical seals use less water compared to the traditional seals and also there is less corrosion of a plant equipment in the event that the product is contained in the pump. An end face mechanical seal is an example of a mechanical seal that is used in rotating gear, such as thrusts, blenders, blowers, and compressors. At times, the fluid leak out of the pump between the rotating shaft and the stationary pump casing when the pump functions. The mechanical seal face geometry is considered to be the one of the most critical design elements within a mechanical seals. The seal face properties include the balance diameter, the centroid setting, and the surface area. Supplementary properties of the seal include the surface finish, the drive mechanism, and the face topography.